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Williamsburg, VA

James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc. conducted a Phase I cultural resources survey of 362.6 acres slated for development by Riverside Healthcare Association, Inc. in the City of Williamsburg, Virginia, and conducted four subsequent Phase II archaeological evaluations. The property is located to the northwest of the cloverleaf intersection of Pocahontas Trail (Route 60) and Route 199. Riverside acquired the property from the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation (CWF) and planned to build a hospital campus as well as a residential and commercial center under the banner Quarterpath at Williamsburg.

For the Phase I survey archaeologists excavated 4,344 shovel test holes throughout the project area at intervals of 50 ft. or less during the Phase I survey and identified 29 sites. Of the 29 sites identified during the course of this project, five were recommended as potentially eligible for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places.

The five sites recommended as potentially significant consist of 44WB0100, 44WB0105, 44WB109, 44WB0112, and 44WB0121. Four of the sites are historic and one is prehistoric. Site 44WB0100 is a very large quartering site dating to the first half of the eighteenth century (ca. 1700 to 1760). Site 44WB0105 is the site of Coke’s Mill, which was in operation from ca. 1770 to 1800. Site 44WB0109 is a late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century domestic site. Site 44WB0112 is a late eighteenth-century domestic site (ca. 1760 to 1820). Site 44WB0121 is a temporary Middle Woodland campsite.

Soon thereafter Phase II evaluations were initiated at four of the five potentially eligible sites. Three of the four sites were determined as eligible for the National Register. The only one not deemed eligible was the site of Coke’s Mill (44WB0105) which had been virtually destroyed by a modern landfill.

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